Ways of thinking can stand in the way of a solution. Story-telling can change the way of thinking and understanding the other party.
Tell the story of the “orange”:
Two parties want the same orange and there is disagreement. By asking about the underlying significance of the orange for both parties, it appears that one wants to make marmalade and the peel of the orange is required, while the other only appears to want the juice. There is actually no adverse interest in these parties .... They can both get what they want.
If parties have difficulty to reflect on their position, using a tale or poem can help them to change their perception. An example story is: The poem on “Sibling relying on the soil while women supporting men” “domestic violence cases” story of two birds catching fishes together” they fight for a fish caught from a lack. Because of the fighting, the two birds lost their fish. This story can help people to understand that if they united they would obtain a better result than fighting.
Stories to change views: In Egypt, facilitators sometimes use stories in domestic violence cases. These stories can demonstrates how the process of compromise can help parties maintain a relationship and also how women have to be respected as well as men.
Stories to develop commitment: In Cambodia they use a story about two crows who are fighting over fish caught in a river. Because of the fighting they both lose the fish. This story helps people see that if they work together they can get a better outcome.
Martha Nussbaum (1999) ' The Fragility of Goodness'
Neustadt, R. and E. May (1986). Thinking in Time: The Uses of History for Decision-makers. New York, Free Press. Monroe, M. (1991). The Effect of Interesting Environmental Stories on Knowledge and Action-Taking Attitudes. Michigan, University of Michigan. Doctoral Dissertation.
Hidi, S. and W. Baird (1988). "Strategies for Increasing Text-based interest and students' Recall of Expository Texts." Reading Research Quarterly 23(4): 465-483.
Kearney, A. R. (1994). "Understanding global change: A cognitive perspective on communicating through stories." Climatic Change 27(4): 419-441.
What We Don’t Know Can Help Us: Eliciting Out-of-Discipline knowledge for Work with Intractable Conflicts Jennifer S. Goldman, Peter T. Coleman Columbia University 2003 -2010 to download: click here.
See for the barriers in thinking that are relevant in conflict resolution: Mnookin et al. Barriers to conflict resolution, 1995. Conflict resolution handbooks Deutsch and Moffitt et al.
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